Incidence

Incidence and factors associated with active tuberculosis among people living with HIV after long-term antiretroviral therapy in Thailand: a competing risk model

BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is known to reduce tuberculosis (TB) incidence among people living with HIV (PLWH). However, studies describing the impact of long-term ART and CD4 count recovery on TB incidence remain scarce due to limited …

Monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio as a predictor of TB among people living with HIV

BACKGROUND: Diagnostic tools to identify incipient or subclinical TB stages will be helpful for preventive intervention. A simple biomarker to predict TB may be the monocytes to lymphocytes ratio (ML ratio) in peripheral blood.METHODS: We assessed …

Viral Load and Risk of Tuberculosis in HIV Infection

Antiretroviral therapy and tuberculosis: does the regimen matter?

Infection with HIV is one of the strongest drivers of the incidence of tuberculosis. The use of potent combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) decreases the incidence of tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients. Data on whether this effect differs by …

Earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy, increased tuberculosis case finding and reduced mortality in a setting of improved HIV care: a retrospective cohort study

OBJECTIVES High early mortality after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation in resource-limited settings is associated with low baseline CD4 cell counts and a high burden of opportunistic infections. Our large urban HIV clinic in Uganda has made …

Coverage and yield of tuberculosis contact investigations in the Netherlands

SETTING: An increasing proportion of tuberculosis (TB) patients in low-incidence countries are immigrants. It is unclear whether contact investigations among immigrant patients are adequate. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ethnicity of pulmonary TB …

Incidence and Predictors of Mortality and the Effect of Tuberculosis Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome in a Cohort of TB/HIV Patients Commencing Antiretroviral Therapy

BACKGROUND:: Tuberculosis-HIV (TB-HIV) coinfection remains an important cause of mortality in antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs. In a cohort of TB-HIV-coinfected patients starting ART, we examined the incidence and predictors of early mortality. …

Annual meeting of the Tuberculosis Surveillance and Research Unit, 2008

The Tuberculosis Surveillance and Research Unit (TSRU) held its last annual meeting in Helsinki, Finland, from 1 to 4 April 2008. Several topics of current interest for tuberculosis (TB) research and new research projects were presented and discussed …

Measuring tuberculosis burden, trends, and the impact of control programmes

The targets for tuberculosis control, framed within the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals, are to ensure that the incidence per head of tuberculosis is falling by 2015, and that the 1990 prevalence and mortality per head are halved by …

[Estimation of the incidence of tuberculosis in The Netherlands in 2030]

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of cases of tuberculosis (TB) in 2030 for the purpose of planning future TB control. DESIGN: Statistical modelling in 5-year intervals until 2030. METHOD: The number of Dutch TB cases infected by a Dutch source was …