Humans

Viral Load and Risk of Tuberculosis in HIV Infection

More on Treatment Outcomes in Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Beyond multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Europe: a TBNET study

The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is a challenge to TB control in Europe. We evaluated second-line drug susceptibility testing in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from patients with multidrug-resistant, pre-extensively …

Numbers needed to treat to prevent tuberculosis

Health care-seeking behaviour among people with cough in Tanzania: findings from a tuberculosis prevalence survey

SETTING: The study was conducted within a nation-wide population-based tuberculosis (TB) prevalence survey in the adult population in Tanzania. OBJECTIVE: To assess the health care-seeking behaviour of coughers presumed to have TB. DESIGN: A survey …

Availability, price and affordability of anti-tuberculosis drugs in Europe: a TBNET survey

Data on availability and cost of anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs in relation to affordability at national level are scarce. We performed a cross-sectional study on availability and cost of anti-TB drugs at major TB-reference centres in 37 European …

Implementation of tuberculosis infection prevention and control in Mozambican health care facilities

SETTING: District and urban health care facilities in three provinces (Manica, Sofala, Tete) in central Mozambique. OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of implementation of selected tuberculosis infection prevention and control (TB-IPC) measures. DESIGN: …

Latent tuberculosis infection as a target for tuberculosis control

Risk assessment of tuberculosis in immunocompromised patients. A TBNET study

RATIONALE: In the absence of active tuberculosis, a positive tuberculin skin test (TST) or interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) result defines latent infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, although test results may vary depending on …

Care seeking in tuberculosis: results from a countrywide cluster randomised survey in Bangladesh

OBJECTIVES: To explore systematically the care seeking trajectories of tuberculosis (TB) cases up to four subsequent places of care and to assess the type of services provided at each place. METHODS: TB cases detected actively during the 2007-2009 …