HIV

Syndemic of hypertension, diabetes, mental illness and HIV in Eswatini

A nested national survey within a rollout of community-based hypertension care.

Changes in disclosure, adherence and healthcare interactions after the introduction of immediate ART initiation: an analysis of patient experiences in Swaziland

INTRODUCTION: There are concerns that immediate ART initiation (regardless of CD4 count) negatively affects HIV status disclosure, ART adherence and healthcare interactions. We assessed changes in these factors after the 'Early access to ART for all' …

Effect of secondary preventive therapy on recurrence of tuberculosis in HIV-infected individuals: a systematic review

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals successfully treated for tuberculosis (TB) remain at risk of recurrence of the disease, especially in high TB incidence settings. We performed a systematic review, investigating whether …

Intention of physicians to implement guidelines for screening and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in HIV-infected patients in The Netherlands: a mixed-method design

BACKGOUND: All newly diagnosed HIV-infected patients in the Netherlands should be screened for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and offered preventive therapy if infected without evidence of active tuberculosis. This guideline, endorsed by the …

Benchmarking to assess potential under-diagnosis of smear-negative and extrapulmonary Tuberculosis. A case study from Mozambique

No tool exists to identify potential under-diagnosis of smear-negative and extrapulmonary TB. In an ecological study, we used a simple tool plotting percentages of smear-positive pulmonary TB amongst newly diagnosed TB in African region countries and …